from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Centrifugal.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
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Let us consider two particles of water at m and n, as feeling the influence of this rotation; they will, of course, be both urged towards the equator by the axifugal force.
The axifugal forces of the two particles m and n are directly as the lines Mm and Nn, and if the gravitating forces were also as the radii Tm and Tn, no motion would be produced.
The axifugal force of rotation due to the northern waters is, therefore, overborne by the vast preponderance due to the southern waters, and, hence, the northern Pacific may be considered as relatively at a higher level, and there will be a current northward through Behring's straits, as we find it.
The ratio of the gravitating forces of these two particles is, therefore, less than the ratio of their respective radii, and the axifugal tendency of the particle at n is more than proportionally restrained by the central gravitation; and hence m will move towards the equator, and n towards the poles, as represented in the Fig. It is on account of the overwhelming momentum of the surface waters of the South Pacific over the North, that the Pacific, at Panama, stands six or seven feet higher than the Atlantic.
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