Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A type of sparse, stunted woodland occupying extensive tracts, alternating with savanna, in the dry region of eastern and central Brazil. The vegetation consists of thorny bushes (chiefly Mimosaceæ), with some low trees of several families, including different bottle or barrel-trees (see
bottle-tree, 2) and columnar Cactaceæ, with prickly Bromeliaceæ (herbaceous). During the dry season all is nearly or quite leafless and as if dead, but with the advent of rain it bursts into leaf and flower. Phytogeographically this belongs to the category of bush-wood. Also (by translation), light forest.
- n. A sparse, thorny wooded area of northeastern Brazil containing drought-resistant trees.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Phytogeography) A forest composed of stunted trees and thorny bushes, found in areas of small rainfall in Brazil.
“This fish occurs in an area of untouched 'caatinga' scrub or thorn forest.”
“The largest component of this is the arboreal Rio Negro caatinga.”
“Tree ferns and palms such as Geonoma appuniana and Euterpe caatinga grow well and Bromeliaceae and Eriocaulaceae grow in the understorey (Castillo, 2005; Sears, 2001b).”
“Elements of the Rio Negro caatinga vegetation on white sands are found near the border of Venezuela and Colombia.”
“Small patches of cerrado and caatinga are also found where soils and geomorphology are adequate.”
“These dry forests form the transitional habitat between the caatinga xeric shrublands and cerrado ecoregions of eastern Brazil.”
“Some authors regard Atlantic dry forests as a kind of caatinga.”
“This is characterised by low trees with thin trunks, with many bromeliad and orchid epiphytes; it grows on sandy nutrient-poor soils and averages 108 plant species per hectare campinarana or Rio Negro caatinga, a tall dry shrub-woodland mosaic restricted to the Rio Negro region which grows primarily in well drained uplands.”
“The caatinga antwren (Herpsilochmus sellowi) has an isolated population in the Serra do Cachimbo.”
“These campos have specialized formation with unique flora Some of the vegetation in this Serra includes Calea lutea and other plants characteristic of caatinga forest.”
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