Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In ornithology: A large kind of lark, Melanocorypha calandra, with a stout bill, inhabiting southern Europe and northern Africa. The term has been the book-name of the species for centuries.
- n. [capitalized] Made by Lesson, in 1837, a generic name: a synonym of Melanocorypha. Also Calandrina.
- n. In the form Calandria, applied by Des Murs to the American mocking-thrushes of the genus Mimus.
- n. [capitalized] In entomology, a genus of weevils, typical of the family Calandridæ. Some of the minute species commit great havoc in granaries, in both their larval and their perfect state. They are very numerous, and among them are the well-known corn-weevil. C. granaria (Linnæus), and the rice-weevil, C. oryzæ. The gru-gru worm, which destroys palm-trees in South America, is the larva of C. palmarum, and is nearly 2 inches long. The grub is eagerly sought for by the natives, who cook and eat it. This species, with C. sacchari, destroys also the sugar-canes of the West Indies.
“The Netherlands alone has recorded over four hundred and forty species of avifauna, including the threatened Ortolan bunting (Emberiza hortulana), Garganey (Anas querquedula), Snipe (Gallinago gallinago), Kentish plover (Charadrius alexandrinus), Corn bunting (Miliaria calandra), and Spotted crake (Porzana porzana).”
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“Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra Photo: RSPB Louise Gray, Environment Correspondent”
“The corn bunting (Miliaria calandra) has become extinct as a breeding bird in Ireland and several of the remaining red-listed species are in danger of extinction including the common scoter (Melanitta nigra), black-necked grebe (Podiceps nigricollis), quail (Coturnix coturnix), red-necked phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus) and nightjar (Caprimulgus europaeus).”
“(calandra ` lark ') were so named because people believed larks to be remarkably witless.”
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"In zoology and botany, a name (other than the technical name) of an animal or plant found only in scientific treatises—that is, not in use as a vernacular name. It is often a mere adaptation of th...
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