from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a shoe covering the ankle; worn by ancient Romans
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The Romans made use of two kinds of shoes -- the solea, or sandal, which covered the sole of the foot, and was worn at home and in company, and the calceus, which covered the whole foot and was always worn with the toga when a person went abroad.
The chief coverings for the feet were the _calceus_, which covered the whole foot, somewhat like our shoes, and was tied above with a _latchet_ or lace, and the _solea_, a slipper or sandal which covered only the sole of the foot, and was fastened on with leather thongs or strings.
Another name connected with clothes is Chaucer, Old Fr. chaussier, a hosier (Lat. calceus, boot), while Admiral Hozier's Ghost reminds us of the native word.
The Roman shoe, it may be mentioned here, was of several different kinds, according to the sex, rank, and occupation of the wearer; but the two most important sorts were the _calceus_, the shoe worn with the toga in the city, and the mark of the Roman citizen; and the _pero_ or high boot, which was more serviceable in the country.
Scales or cutaneous teeth of a shark (Centrophorus calceus).
Hie itaque nitidulus, & femper orna 'tus, atque confpicuus incedebat, ita ut caput ejus nttmquam nifi gibelHnica pel - lis obtegeret, indumenta carbafina atque niventia filigio per artem Jullonis infice - ret j calceus poflrema ad aquilini rtjiri Jpeciem non Jalleret.
Antiquitates Italicae Medii Aevi, sive, Dissertationes de moribus, ritibus, religione, regimine, magistratibus, legibus, studiis literarum, artibus, lingua, militia, nummis, principibus, libertate, servitute, foederibus, aliisque faciem & mores Italici populi referentibus post declinationem Rom. Imp. ad annum usque MD : omnia illustrantur et confirmantur ingenti copia diplomatum et chartarum veterum, nunc primùm ex archivis Italiae depromtarum, additis etiam nummis, chronicis, aliisque monumentis nunquam antea editis
mandavit per universam Aegyptum ut foemina quaereretur, cujus is calceus esset eamque sic inventam. in matrimonium accepit.
I.] [Footnote 2: 'Si toga sordidula est et rupta calceus alter Pelle patet.'
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