from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. To heat (a substance) to a high temperature but below the melting or fusing point, causing loss of moisture, reduction or oxidation, and the decomposition of carbonates and other compounds.
- intransitive v. To undergo calcination.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- v. to heat something without melting in order to drive off water etc., and to decompose carbonates into oxides or to oxidize or reduce it; especially to heat limestone to form quicklime
- v. to undergo such heating
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- intransitive v. To reduce to a powder, or to a friable state, by the action of heat; to expel volatile matter from by means of heat, as carbonic acid from limestone, and thus (usually) to produce disintegration; as to, calcine bones.
- intransitive v. To oxidize, as a metal by the action of heat; to reduce to a metallic calx.
- intransitive v. To be converted into a powder or friable substance, or into a calx, by the action of heat.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To convert into lime or calx by the action of heat; treat (limestone) by the process of calcination for the formation of lime.
- To oxidize, as a metal, by heating.
- In metallurgy, to subject to the action of heat, with access of air: nearly equivalent to roast (which see).
- To be converted into a powder or friable substance, or into a calx, by the action of heat.
- To consume by burning; burn to ashes.
- To purify or refine by fire.
- To desiccate by subjection to heat so as to destroy contained organisms, etc.: as, to calcine air.
- n. Fragments of already burnt fire-clay vessels, as the saggars of porcelain manufacture, ground up and used in making new vessels, with addition of fresh fire-clay. Also chamotte.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. heat a substance so that it oxidizes or reduces
Middle English calcinen, from Old French calciner, from Medieval Latin calcīnāre, from Late Latin calcīna, quicklime, from Latin calx, calc-, lime; see calx.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)