American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- v. To treat, combine, or impregnate with carbon, as when casehardening steel.
- v. To carburet.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To cause to unite with carbon or a hydrocarbon, as when the illuminating power of a gas is increased by mingling with it the vapor of volatile hydrocarbons. Also carburise, carburet.
GNU Webster's 1913
- v. (Chem.) To combine with carbon or a carbon compound; -- said esp. of a process for conferring a higher degree of illuminating power on combustible gases by mingling them with a vapor of volatile hydrocarbons.
- v. unite with carbon
- carbur(et) + -ize. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“This process unfortunately requires for its prompt success the use of a very large quantity of spiegel or of ferro-manganese, in order to sufficiently carburize and deoxidize the burnt iron, which is the final product of the blowing.”
“The most satisfactory steel to carburize contains between 0.10 and 0.20 per cent carbon, less than 0.35 per cent manganese, less than 0.04 per cent phosphorus and sulphur, and low silicon.”
“Mixed with raw bone it will carburize more rapidly, and still more so if mixed with burnt bone.”
“Practically all printed information on the subject is to the effect that nickel steel takes longer to carburize than plain carbon steel.”
“The advantages in the hardening start with the carburizing operation, as a steel of uniform and fine grain size will carburize more uniformly, producing”
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