Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In French-Canadian law, a tenant holding under a seignior by virtue of payment of cens.
“The _cens_ was a trifling payment by the _censitaire_ in recognition of the seigneur's position and rights as landowner; while the _rentes_ represented a real rental based in some degree on the supposed value of the land.”
“There was one good thing in the Act. The power of commuting the seigniorial or feudal tenure into free and common soccage was given to the censitaire in transactions with the crown.”
“The censitaire, who was at the same time parishioner, had his two rallying-points -- the church and the manor-house.”
“The lord became the seigneur; the vassal became the censitaire or peasant cultivator whose chief function was to yield revenue for his seigneur's purse.”
“The Canadian censitaire had a written title-deed which stated explicitly the dues and services he was bound to give his seigneur; the copyholder had nothing of the kind.”
“Unlike his prototype, the censitaire of Old France, the habitant never became dispirited; even when things went wrong he retained his bonhomie.”
“Diane is not for you, Dominique, her father's _censitaire_: yet you may love her your life through, and do her lifelong service.”
“It abolished all feudal rights and duties in Lower Canada, “whether hearing upon the censitaire or seigneur,” and provided for the appointment of commissioners to enquire into the respective rights of the parties interested.”
“In case the censitaire wished to dispose of his holding during his lifetime, it was subject to the lods et ventes, or to a tax of one-twelfth of the purchase money, which had to be paid to the seignior, who usually as a favour remitted one-fourth on punctual payment.”
“The censitaire who held his lands in this way could not himself sub-infeudate.”
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