Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In ancient Rome, one of a body of 105 (called in round numbers 100) judges, 3 from each of the 35 tribes, appointed to decide common causes among the people. The office of the centumvirs was annual, the presidency of the tribunal belonging to the pretor. The court sat in the Julian basilica, in four sections, each presided over by a decemvir or an exquestor. Under the empire their number was increased to 180, or perhaps more.
- n. historical One of a court of about 100 judges chosen to try civil suits. Under the Empire the court was increased to 180, and met usually in four sections.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Rom. Hist.) One of a court of about one hundred judges chosen to try civil suits. Under the empire the court was increased to 180, and met usually in four sections.
- Latin, from centum hundred + vir man. (Wiktionary)
“He also spent some time in Sicily, and returned to Rome probably at the age of 23 or 24, where he allowed himself to be nominated _triumvir capitalis, decemvir litibus iudicandis_, and _centumvir_, in quick succession.”
“He could not conceive how it happened that, in a former Congress, they had been so blind to the magic of numbers as to overlook the number 100, notwithstanding which one of that body signed himself centumvir, as one of the number of whom that council was composed.”
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