Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A system of colonization of conquered territory practised by the ancient Athenians from 506 b. c. The land was distributed equally among the ten Athenian tribes, and parcels were assigned by lot to a certain number of poor citizens from each tribe. The cleruchs retained their Athenian citizenship, and transmitted it to their children under the condition of presenting themselves at Athens at the age of eighteen and having their names entered on the register of their proper deme. The cleruchs were exempted from certain charges to the Athenian state, but remained subject to military service. The natives of the conquered territory often retained some portion of the land, and became Athenian metics.
- n. A colony constituted under this system.
- From Ancient Greek κληρουχία (klēroukhia), from κληροῦχος (klēroukhos, "cleruch"); see cleruch. (Wiktionary)
“Breaking its promise, Athens sent a cleruchy to garrison its ally Samos.”
“Pericles then crossed back to Euboea, crushed the revolt, and established a cleruchy in Histaiaea.”
“If an ally rebelled, part of its lands were confiscated and an Athenian colony (cleruchy) was established, which served both a military purpose and a civil one to help relieve unemployment at Athens.”
“Around the same time, the Athenians developed a new kind of colony, the cleruchy.”
“League it remained disaffected towards Athens, and in 447 had to be coerced by the settlement of a cleruchy.”
Looking for tweets for cleruchy.