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Examples

  • What groups like E.P.R.I. don't want to see happen is a final version of CWA 316b that mandates all thermal electric generating plants nationwide to switch over to so-called closed-cycle cooling systems.

    NYT > Home Page

  • The agency said Indian Point can operate legally if it converts to a water-recycling system known as closed-cycle.

    KansasCity.com: Front Page

  • As OMB Watch explained in 2002, EPA originally “sought to require the 59 largest plants in the most ecologically sensitive areas to meet the performance achievable by a closed-cycle cooling system, which reduces fish kills by up to 98 percent by recirculating or reusing water.”

    Wonk Room » Sotomayor’s Environmental Wisdom

  • Rob is concerned that the EPA's proposed rule could undermine broader efforts to get plants to retrofit to closed-cycle cooling.

    Kyle Rabin: A View to a (Fish) Kill: A Firsthand Perspective on Fish-Killing Cooling Systems

  • This is why DEC is proposing to modify Barrett's State Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (SPDES) permit based on the Department's determination that the plant's owner must install a closed-cycle cooling system, which would reduce the amount of water being withdrawn by approximately 95% (and subsequently would decrease the number of fish destroyed by 95%).

    Kyle Rabin: A View to a (Fish) Kill: A Firsthand Perspective on Fish-Killing Cooling Systems

  • Plants built since 2001 have been required to use "closed-cycle" cooling, which recycles cooling water and reduces water withdrawals and fish mortality by 95 percent.

    Kyle Rabin: Power plants and fish life

  • Because power company profits in New York are high, they can afford to install closed-cycle cooling.

    Kyle Rabin: Power plants and fish life

  • Modern closed-cycle cooling systems don't necessarily require large towers but rather an array of much smaller "cells" that blend in with existing site structures.

    Kyle Rabin: Power plants and fish life

  • For decades, the owners of New York's 25 aging power plants have avoided installing closed-cycle cooling, largely by perpetuating myths designed to scare the public.

    Kyle Rabin: Power plants and fish life

  • The debate currently under way concerns a proposed state policy that identifies closed-cycle cooling as the performance goal for the 25 large, most damaging existing power plants.

    Kyle Rabin: Power plants and fish life

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