from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A binding together.
- n. The formulation of a general hypothesis which seeks to connect two or more facts.
- n. The co-occurrence of syntactic categories, usually within a sentence.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A binding together.
- n. That process by which a number of isolated facts are brought under one conception, or summed up in a general proposition, as when Kepler discovered that the various observed positions of the planet Mars were points in an ellipse.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A binding or twisting together.
- n. In logic, the binding together of facts by means of a general description or hypothesis which applies to them all.
- n. In psychology, a form of mental connection or association in which the constituent elements, after combination, are as distinct as (or even more distinct than) they were or would be in isolation.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the connection of isolated facts by a general hypothesis
- n. the state of being joined together
Mill does not disagree, but argues, contrary to Whewell, that colligation by itself is no test of truth.
This “act of thought” is a process Whewell called “colligation.”
Prior even to Franklin D. Roosevelt this entire colligation of ideas had been impaired by three developments in national governmental practice: first, the growth of Presidential initiative in legislation; secondly, the delegation by Congress of legislative powers to the President; thirdly, the delegation in many instances of like powers to so-called independent agencies or commissions, in which are merged in greater or less measure the three powers of government of Montesquieu's postulate.
Scriptural history of the Hebrew patriarchs in Lower Asia; but, as has been explained already, its connection with Scripture rather militated than otherwise against its reception as a complete theory, since the majority of the inquirers who till recently addressed themselves with most earnestness to the colligation of social phenomena, were either influenced by the strongest prejudice against
Successive expressions for the colligation of observed facts, or, in other words, successive descriptions of a phenomenon as a whole, which has been observed only in parts, may, though conflicting, be all correct as far as they go.
Even a simple colligation of inductions already made, without any fresh extension of the inductive inference, is already an advance in that direction.
I only think him mistaken in setting up this kind of operation, which according to the old and received meaning of the term, is not induction at all, as the type of induction generally; and laying down, throughout his work, as principles of induction, the principles of mere colligation.
Without the previous colligation of detached observations by means of one general conception, we could never have obtained any basis for an induction, except in the case of phenomena of very limited compass.
The assertion that the planets move in ellipses, was but a mode of representing observed facts; it was but a colligation; while the assertion that they are drawn, or tend, towards the sun, was the statement of a new fact, inferred by induction.
Colligation is not always induction; but induction is always colligation.
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