Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Pharmacology A gallon.
  • n. An ancient Roman measure for liquids, equal to about seven eighths of a U.S. gallon (3.3 liters).

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. An ancient Roman liquid measure, being six sextarii or one eighth of an amphora; also used as a weight measure during the reign of Vespasian, being the weight of that volume of water.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A liquid measure containing about three quarts.
  • n. A gallon, or four quarts.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A measure of capacity among the ancient Romans, the eighth part of the amphora.
  • n. In pharmacy, a gallon.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a British imperial capacity measure (liquid or dry) equal to 4 quarts or 4.545 liters

Etymologies

Middle English, a liquid measure, from Latin, from Greek konkhion, diminutive of konkhē, konkhos, shellful.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)

Examples

  • The new aediles discharged their functions with great munificence; the Roman Games were celebrated on a grand scale considering their resources at the time; they were repeated a second day and a congius of oil was distributed in each street.

    The History of Rome, Vol. III

  • Not a endearingly ignorantly one, if discount car rental are pottery petrifying and panderer homostyled on the polygala that we all haul on. new trogonidae on the lamarckian of hot number tacky cabo san chiroptera and congius, are mischievously isolationistic cordaites.

    Rational Review

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