American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Pharmacology A gallon.
- n. An ancient Roman measure for liquids, equal to about seven eighths of a U.S. gallon (3.3 liters).
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A measure of capacity among the ancient Romans, the eighth part of the amphora. The standard congius of Vespasian is extant in good preservation. It contains 3,377 liters, or 0.892 of a United States (old wine) gallon. Yet most authorities, on theoretical grounds, suppose a mistake to have been made in the construction of this standard, and that it ought to have contained only 3,275 liters, or 0.865 of a United States gallon. It has also been maintained that the construction of this standard marked an increase of 2 per cent, in the Roman measures of capacity.
- n. In pharmacy, a gallon.
- n. An ancient Roman liquid measure, being six sextarii or one eighth of an amphora; also used as a weight measure during the reign of Vespasian, being the weight of that volume of water.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Roman Antiq.) A liquid measure containing about three quarts.
- n. (Med.) A gallon, or four quarts.
- n. a British imperial capacity measure (liquid or dry) equal to 4 quarts or 4.545 liters
- Middle English, a liquid measure, from Latin, from Greek konkhion, diminutive of konkhē, konkhos, shellful. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The new aediles discharged their functions with great munificence; the Roman Games were celebrated on a grand scale considering their resources at the time; they were repeated a second day and a congius of oil was distributed in each street.”
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These user-created lists contain the word ‘congius’.
Another of my random palavery lists for words or phrases that haven't yet found a place in one or more of my other lists.
Various cultural terms, including slang
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