American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Anatomy The hip or hip joint.
- n. Zoology The first segment of the leg of an insect or other arthropod, joining the leg to the body.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The femur or thigh-bone.
- n. In anatomy: The hipbone, os coxæ or os innominatum.
- n. The hip-joint.
- n. In entomology, the first or basal joint (sometimes called the hip) of an insect's leg, by which it is articulated to the body. It may be entirely uncovered, as in many flies, or received into a coxal cavity or deep hollow in the lower surface of the thorax, as in most beetles. Coxæ are said to be contiguous when those of a pair are close together, separate when there is a space between them, distant when they are widely separate, prominent when they protrude from the coxal cavities, globose when they are shaped like a ball, transverse when they lie across the body with the succeeding joint of the leg attached to the inner end, etc. These distinctions are of great value in classification. Sometimes the coxa has a small accessory piece called the trochanter, which, however, is not a true joint. Some of the older entomologists included the first two joints of the leg in the term coxa, the first being distinguished as the patella and the second as the trochanter.
- n. The basal joint of the leg of a spider or a crustacean; a coxopodite (which see).
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Zoöl.) The first joint of the leg of an insect or crustacean.
- n. the ball-and-socket joint between the head of the femur and the acetabulum
- Latin, hip. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“MH1 has a good specimen of the os coxa bone, more commonly known as “the hip bone”, which is, funnily enough, the “relevant hip bone” for diagnosing locomotion.”
“He devised a new treatment for «pes varus» and published a well-illustrated work on phosphorus necrosis and another on coxa vara.”
“Nerinaeum: a ventral thoracic sclerite between the metasternum and posterior coxa in some Coleoptera.”
“Metinfraepisternum: in Odonata; the sclerite just above base of 3d coxa; below metepisternum and before metepimeron.”
“Humeral suture: in Odonata, runs from just in front the base of the fore-wing to the edge of the median coxa, separating the mesepisternum from the mesepimeron.”
“Hips: the coxa; q.v. Hirsute: clothed with long, strong hair; shaggy.”
“Flocculus - i: a hairy or bristly appendage on the posterior coxa of some Hymenoptera.”
“Femur - ora: the thigh: usually the stoutest segment of the leg, articulated to the body through trochanter and coxa and bearing the tibia at its distal end: in Coccidae and quite commonly, the femur and trochanter are considered as one, for measuring purposes.”
“Omia: the shoulders: the lateral anterior angles of an agglutinated thorax, when they are distinct: = see umbone: in Coleoptera; a corneous sclerite to which the muscles of the anterior coxa are attached; also the lateral margin of the prothorax; also the lateral margin of the scutellum in Carabids and Dytiscids.”
“Mesinfraepisternum: a sclerite formed between propleuron, mesepisternum, mesepimeron and second coxa.”
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