Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The muscle of the spermatic cord; the suspensory muscle of the testicle, consisting of a series of fibers derived from the internal oblique muscle of the abdomen, and let down in loops upon the cord.
- n. In entomology, a name given by Kirby to little hook-like processes on the posterior extremity of many lepidopterous pupæ, by which they suspend themselves during pupation; hence, the tip of the abdomen of the pupa of any insect which undergoes complete metamorphosis, serving for the attachment of the pupa. It is the homologue of the anal plate of the larva, and its form is foreshadowed in that of the anal plate.
- n. A hook for hanging a pot or other vossel over a fire.
- Suspensory; pertaining to the cremaster: as, the cremaster muscle.
- n. In marsupials a muscle which compresses the mammary gland and forces the milk down the gullet of the young while in the pouch.
- n. anatomy A thin muscle attached to the testicles.
- n. zoology In the pupae of certain species of butterfly, a hook-shaped protuberance from the rear of the chrysalis casing, by which the caterpillar fixes itself to the pad of silk it has cemented to the underside of a perch.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Anat.) A thin muscle which serves to draw up the testicle.
- n. (Zoöl.) The apex of the last abdominal segment of an insect.
- From Ancient Greek κρεμαστήρ ("suspender"). (Wiktionary)
“The name cremaster therefore must not cancel the fact that the fibres so named are parts of the muscles, E F.”
“The arched inferior border of the transverse muscle, F, Plate 30, expresses by its abrupt termination that some part is wanting to it; and this appearance, together with the fact that the fibres of this part of the muscle blend with those of the internal oblique and cremaster, and cannot be separated except by severing the connexion, at once suggests the idea that the cremaster is a derivation from both these muscles.”
“The cremaster is a characteristic structure in the pupa of a moth or butterfly.”
“No mention of the cremaster reflex, though the thighs are obviously getting a massage as well.”
“The cremaster, by the way, is a muscle that controls the ascent/descent of the testicles.”
“Again, the cremaster muscle is stated by some to cover this hernia; by others, to be rarely met with, as forming one of its coverings; and by others, never.”
“Whilst the fleshy fibres of the latter terminate on a level with C, the iliac spine, those of the internal oblique are continued down as far as the external abdominal ring, E D h, and even protrude through this place in the form of a cremaster.”
“Again, in the female devoid of a cremaster, the muscles, E F, present of their full quantities, having sustained no diminution of their bulk by the formation of a cremaster.”
“The muscular parietes of the male inguinal region, from which the loose cremaster muscle has been derived, have by this circumstance become weakened, and hence the more frequent occurrence of external inguinal hernia in the male.”
“The oblique and serial arrangement of the muscular fibres of the internal oblique, F, Pl. 29, is seen to be continued upon the spermatic cord by the fibres of the cremaster, E e.”
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