Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A gold coin current in antiquity throughout the Persian empire, and also in Greece. It was of very pure gold, was of small diameter but very thick, and weighed rather more than an English sovereign. It has no inscription; the obverse type is the king of Persia represented as an archer or bearing a spear; the reverse, usually an irregular oblong incuse. Double darics were issued after the conquest of Persia by Alexander the Great, with Greek letters, most of the known specimens of which have been found in the Panjab.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. A gold coin of ancient Persia, weighing usually a little more than 128 grains, and bearing on one side the figure of an archer.
- n. A silver coin of about 86 grains, having the figure of an archer, and hence, in modern times, called a
- n. Any very pure gold coin.
“The name of the coin, "daric," is probably not derived from his name, however.”
“It is not perhaps altogether certain that he was the first king of Persia who coined money; but, if the term "daric" is really derived from his name, that alone would be a strong argument in favor of his claim to priority.”
The Seven Great Monarchies Of The Ancient Eastern World, Vol 5. (of 7): Persia The History, Geography, And Antiquities Of Chaldaea, Assyria, Babylon, Media, Persia, Parthia, And Sassanian or New Persian Empire; With Maps and Illustrations.
“The name of "daric" was extended to these coins also, which, however, were much larger and heavier than the gold coins, weighing as much as 235 grains, and corresponding to the Greek tetradrachm, and (nearly) to the Hebrew shekel.”
“Krüger and Kühner retain them, as added _explicationis causá_.] [Footnote 12: The daric was a Persian gold coin, generally supposed to have derived its name from Darius I.; but others think this doubtful.”
“The passage is quoted in Clinton, 'Fasti Hell.,' but both forms are there used.] [Footnote 311: The daric was a Persian coin, named after King Darius.] [Footnote 312: The Kyanean or Black Islands were at the junction of the Bosporus with the Euxine, or Black Sea.”
“He could guarantee that each soldier should receive a daric a month as pay, the officers double pay, and the generals quadruple.”
“They only demanded an increase of pay, and Cyrus promised to give them half as much again as they had hitherto received — that is to say, a daric and a half a month to each man, instead of a daric.”
“Demosthenes; but, like the daric, this gold coin would fluctuate in value relatively to silver.”
“When Cyrus proposed to march them with his other troops to fight his brother towards the Euphrates, they demanded a daric and a half, which he was obliged to grant them.”
“He reorganized the administration and divided the empire into 20 satrapies, as well as introducing a standard gold coinage, the daric.”
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