Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Pl. dolia (-ä). In Roman antiquity, a very large jar or vase of rough pottery, usually of approximately spherical form, used, like a cask at the present day, to contain wine, oil, and other liquids, as well as grain and other dry commodities. It was more anciently called calpar, and is equivalent to the Greek pithos.
- n. [capitalized] The typical genus of gastropods of the family Doliidæ. Dolium galea is a leading species. They are all characterized by a ventricose spirally furrowed shell, with a very small spire and an enormous aperture with crenate lip, and no operculum. They are known as tuns.
- n. history, archaeology A large earthenware vessel used for the storage and transportation of goods in the ancient Western Mediterranean.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Zoöl.) A genus of large univalve mollusks, including the partridge shell and tun shells.
- From Latin dolium (Wiktionary)
“Inside the dolium was a bronze cinerary urn containing the burnt bones wrapped in a linen cloth; silver items including a bowl and dragon fibula (garment pin); and small objects of ivory and amber.”
“Outside the dolium were a banquet service consisting of a small bronze and iron table, ribbed bronze phialai (libation bowls), and other vessels; an ax, lance, helmet, and scepter; and the iron fittings of a two-wheeled chariot.”
“Within the chest was a large terra-cotta vessel known as a dolium, covered with an embossed bronze shield.”
“But Geoffrey had received a letter just three days later promising onlytwentypounds and unum dolium vini which did not do him any good as wine was increasingly prone to provoking his rheumatism.”
“Its lower levels contained a large amount of finds, including a very large dolium (large terra-cotta container) sherd.”
“We finished clearing room 2, adding one more dolium to the seven unearthed last week, as well as an abundant ensemble of ceramics, glass, and metal.”
“As could be expected fragments related to potters 'activity (kiln spacers, ceramic slag, dolium fragments, miscasts, etc.) were a bit omnipresent in the area in low numbers.”
“Two ceramic oil lamps and one dolium (large terra-cotta container) were also found.”
“Except for one dolium, the vessels were broken, but most seem to be completely restorable.”
“It consists of a dolium, which could have been used as a kind of refuse bin.”
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