Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In Greek antiquity, a device or badge, corresponding to the crest of later times, as that borne on the shield of a soldier, or that chosen as its distinguishing mark by a city, etc.
- n. In the Greek alphabet, one of three obsolete letters used only as numerals. They are
#2, a form of the digamma, #567, βαυ%148, vau (a similar character being used, later, as a ligature for ςτ, στ, and called stigma); #3, κόππα, koppa; and #5, σάν, san, later called σάμπιor σαμπι%148, sampi. As numerals they were written with a mark over them: thus, #2/= 6, #3/= 90, #5/= 900. See vau, koppa, san, sampi.
- Ancient Greek ἐπίσημον, from ἐπί "above" and σῆμα "sign" (Wiktionary)
“ That is, the letters z, x, ps all contain s, whose value is six, and which was called episemon by the Greeks.”
“ The old Latin version renders episemon, insigne, illustrious, but there seems to be a reference to the Valentinian notion of the mystic number of 888 formed (10+8+200+70+400+200) by the numerical value of the letters in the word 'Iesous.”
“Even numbers are female, odd numbers male, by the union of the first of these, 2 3, was begotten the episemon, or 6, the number of our Salvation.”
“The 6 is purposely omitted for it is the episemon and not a letter of the usual Greek alphabet.”
“The episemon, or 6, is a number full of potency; the name Iesous consists of six letters, hence the name of the Saviour.”
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See also The Phonetic alphabet by oroboros.
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