from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A lyric poem characterized by couplets formed by a long line followed by a shorter one.
- n. The third division of the triad of a Pindaric ode, having a different or contrasting form from that of the strophe and antistrophe.
- n. The part of a choral ode in classical Greek drama following the strophe and antistrophe and sung while the chorus is standing still.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The after song; the part of a lyric ode which follows the strophe and antistrophe.
- n. A kind of lyric poem, invented by Archilochus, in which a longer verse is followed by a shorter one.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The after song; the part of a lyric ode which follows the strophe and antistrophe, -- the ancient ode being divided into strophe, antistrophe, and epode.
- n. A species of lyric poem, invented by Archilochus, in which a longer verse is followed by a shorter one. It does not include the elegiac distich.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In ancient prosody: A third and metrically different system subjoined to two systems (the strophe and antistrophe) which are metrically identical or corresponsive, and forming with them one pericope or group of systems.
- n. A shorter colon, subjoined to a longer colon, and constituting one period with it; especially, such a colon, as a separate line or verse, forming either the second line of a distich or the final line of a system or stanza. As the closing verse of a system, sometimes called ephymnium.
- n. A poem consisting of such distichs.
- n. Specifically In music, a refrain or burden.
This is the life I commend, this the life I set before me as my ideal, to exercise no authority beyond what is right either in the marriage-chamber or in the state. epode
(Ah woe and well – a – day! but be the issue fair!) epode
When the first course was taken off, the females melodiously sung us an epode in the praise of the sacrosanct decretals; and then the second course being served up, Homenas, joyful and cheery, said to one of the she-butlers, Light here, Clerica.
The signs denoting the end of a strophe or antistrophe (_paragraphus_), of an epode (_coronis_), or of an ode (_asterisk_), are often omitted by the scribe, and, when employed, are sometimes placed incorrectly, or employed in an irregular manner.
Of the three parts of the ode, the _strophe_, the _antistrophe_, and the _epode_, each was to be sung at a particular part of the procession.
'Horatian' ode or the complex system of strophe, antistrophe and epode of the 'Pindaric' ode, 131 ff.
These have first a strophe of undetermined length, then an antistrophe identical in structure with the strophe, and then an epode, different in structure from the strophe and antistrophe.
The second strophe and second antistrophe are identical metrically with the first, the second epode with the first epode; and so on.
In each set of three the first stanza is called the strophe (turn), being intended, probably, for chanting as the chorus moved in one direction; the second stanza is called the antistrophe, chanted as the chorus executed a second, contrasting, movement; and the third stanza the epode, chanted as the chorus stood still.
The poet was Horace, who in the sixteenth epode had candidly expressed the fears of Roman republicans for Rome's capacity to survive.
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