Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A genus of liliaceous plants, natives of northern temperate regions, commonly known as the dog-tooth violet. They are low and nearly stemless herbs, with a solid scaly bulb, two smooth leaves which are often mottled, and a scape bearing one or several large yellow, purplish, or white nodding lily-like flowers. The only species found in the old world is E. Dens-canis, which has solitary purple flowers. The remaining 10 or 12 species are North American.
- n. [lowercase] A name sometimes given to vanadate of lead.
- n. obsolete An early proposed name for vanadium.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Chem.), rare A name originally given (from its
redacid) to the metal vanadium.
- n. perennial bulbous herbs most of northern United States: dogtooth violet; adder's tongue; trout lily; fawn lily
- Ancient Greek ἐρυθρός (erythrós, "red"), since most of the salts turned red when heated. (Wiktionary)
“They include the erythronium (or dog's tooth violets), trillium, and the tuberous rooted Anemone nemorosa.”
“He later renamed this compound erythronium meaning red, a reference that this material turned red when heated.”
“Doug this afternoon with doggies, and when I could manage to stop them trampling them, took some shots of the erythronium, so here they are, as promised.”
“The first erythronium out today in the forest or at least that I have seen so far.”
“In a sheltered, sunny nook, she found a single erythronium, lured forth in advance of its proper season, and gathered it as a relic of the spot, which she might keep without blame.”
“The most noticeable and abundant flower on all slopes is the avalanche lily (_erythronium montanum_).”
“The same may be said of the erythronium, or dog's-tooth violet or adder's tongue, and of very many other early wild flowers.”
“The evergreens of various kinds supply the note of colour which alone gives hope and promises relief from neutral brown and grey, and underneath what once was a leafy forest arcade are all the roots of spring -- the spotted erythronium, the hepatica, the delicate uvularia, the starry trientalis.”
“They were growing in a small, nestlike opening between the rock and the bushes, and both the erythronium and the fritillaria were in full flower.”
“The fritillaria has five or six linear, obtuse leaves, put on irregularly near the bottom of the stem, which is usually terminated by one large bell-shaped flower; but its more beautiful companion, the erythronium, has two radical leaves only, which are large and oval, and shine like glass.”
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