Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The principal genus of the tribe Erythroxyleæ. It contains 30 species, natives mainly of tropical America. The best-known species, E. Coca, of Bolivia and Peru, yields the drug coca. (See
coca.) Several other South American species are reputed to possess medicinal properties. E. monogynum is a small tree of southern India, with a very hard dark-brown heart-wood, which is used as a substitute for sandal-wood. Some others have a bright-red wood, occasionally used in dyeing. See cut on next page.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Bot.) A genus of shrubs or small trees of the Flax family, growing in tropical countries. E. Coca is the source of cocaine. See coca.
- n. a large genus of South American shrubs and small trees of the family Erythroxylaceae
“Cocaine is an alkaloid prepared from the erythroxylon coca, a shrub, five or six feet high, found wild in the mountainous regions of Ecuador and”
“It is the Sickingia erythroxylon described by Bredemeyer and Willdenouw.”
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