Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The cat tribe; the typical family of feline or æluroid fissiped Feræ, or terrestrial digitigrade carnivorous mammals. Their distinguishing characters are: normally retractile claws; palms and soles hairy; muzzle blunt, and profile of head declivous; teeth 28 or 30, with only one true molar in each jaw, of which the upper is small and tubercular and the lower sectorial; premolars
or , canines , incisors the skull with no alisphenoid canal; the auditory bulla divided into two chambers; the paroccipital process close to the bulla; the mastoid process slight; the external auditory meatus short; intestines with a cæcum; prostate and Cowper's glands present; and the penis-bone rudimentary. The domestic cat is a characteristic example, all the species having the same family traits and habits as well as structure. They are numerous, distributed over nearly all parts of the world excepting the Australian region, especially in temperate and tropical countries; none is common to the old and new worlds. The family is very homogeneous, and all the species were formerly included in the genus Felis. It includes, besides the common cat, the lion, tiger, jaguar, leopard, panther, cougar, ocelot, ounce, caracal, serval, lynx, chetah, etc. The Felidæ are divisible into three subfamilies: Felinæ, the true cats; Guepardinæ, the hunting-leopards; and Machærodontinæ, the fossil saber-toothed tigers. See these words.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. a natural family of lithe-bodied round-headed fissiped mammals, including the cats; wildcats; lions; leopards; cheetahs; and saber-toothed tigers.
- n. cats; wildcats; lions; leopards; cheetahs; saber-toothed tigers
“For example, cats felidae are obligate carnivores– they must eat meat.”
“How long it is before they run out of big cats and start trawling the smaller members of the family felidae is a question that is not asked for some reason.”
“* Member of family viveridae [civets], which sort of occupies the ground between felidae [cats] & mustelidae [badgers & weasels].”
“Strange friendships are often formed between the lower animals of different species, but less often between man and the savage felidae, because of the former's inherent fear of the great cats.”
“The _fauna_ of the country embraces fifty-two varieties of mammal quadrupeds, including three species of large felidae -- the jaguar, the puma, or cougar, and the ocelot, a carnivorous cat-like animal, whose name is derived from the native Mexican word _ocelotl_.”
“The greatest enemies of mankind were once the felidae, and the theory now is that this type is made up of very definite elements, viz., sharp claws, stealthy tread, eyes that shine in the dark, power to leap far and suddenly, a uniquely developed voice, etc.”
“Well, no! The Turkoman felidae did not give me even that satisfaction!”
“He ran a few stretches, rose into the air, and, a second time, came down without touching the deer; and then, seeing that the latter had sped beyond his reach, according to the usual habit of all the _felidae_, he desisted from farther pursuit.”
“The lion is not a fast runner -- none of the true _felidae_ are.”
“In these are found most of the fur-bearing animals; and, on account of the greater warmth of the climate, the true _felidae_ -- the long-tailed cats -- here wander much farther north than upon the eastern side of the continent.”
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