American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Mastitis of domestic animals, especially cattle.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The throat.
- n. A swelling in the throat; specifically, a distemper in cattle, consisting in a swelling of the throat and the neighboring parts.
- n. A hard, knotty condition of the udder in cows, which sometimes follows calving, due to the sudden distention of the bag with milk, the inflammation which ensues causing a congealed or congested condition of the milk, which, if neglected, brings suppuration and abscesses.
- n. A distemper in hogs. See extracts under gargle.
- n. An American name for Phytolacca decandra, commonly known as poke or pokeweed, which has emetic and cathartic properties, and has been employed in medicine.
- n. obsolete The throat.
- n. An inflammation on a cow's udder.
- n. A distemper in pigs accompanied by staggering and loss of appetite.
- n. botany Obsolete form of poke.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. obsolete The throat.
- n. A diseased condition of the udders of cows, etc., arising from an inflammation of the mammary glands.
- n. A distemper in hogs, indicated by staggering and loss of appetite.
- n. (Bot.) See Poke.
- n. tall coarse perennial American herb having small white flowers followed by blackish-red berries on long drooping racemes; young fleshy stems are edible; berries and root are poisonous
- Old English garget, gargate, throat, Old French gargate. Compare gorge. (Wiktionary)
- Perhaps from Middle English, throat, from Old French gargate. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“There are also a number of inflammatory udder troubles known as garget or mammitis.”
“| Use it for caked bags, or garget, for cuts, cracks, scratches or sores |”
“I cannot impress too strongly on the breeder that, as soon as symptoms of garget are observed, the cow must be firmly secured and the teats properly drawn three or four times a-day.”
“When the calves are taken from their dams there is the greatest danger of garget, and this is always an anxious time with the breeder.”
“Some superstitious fools suppose that they which die of the garget are ridden with the nightmare, and therefore they hang up stones which naturally have holes in them, and must be found unlooked for; as if such a stone were an apt cockshot for the devil to run through and solace himself withal, while the cattle go scot-free and are not molested by him!”
“Of such as are twice mowed I speak not, sith their later math is not so wholesome for cattle as the first; although in the mouth more pleasant for the time: for thereby they become oftentimes to be rotten, or to increase so fast in blood, that the garget and other diseases do consume many of them before the owners can seek out any remedy, by phlebotomy or otherwise.”
“The most common is where the milk is clotted or stringy when drawn, as in some forms of garget.”
“Some hold furthermore an opinion that in over rank soils their dung doth so qualify the batableness of the soil that their cattle is thereby kept from the garget, and sundry other diseases, although some of them come to their ends now and then by licking up of their feathers.”
“Some superstitious fools suppose that they which die of the garget are ridden with the nightmare, and therefore they hang up stones which naturally have holes in them, and must be found unlooked for; as if such a stone were an apt cockshot for the devil to run through and solace himself withal, while the cattle go scotfree and are not molested by him!”
“-- Boil down the inner bark of red and white oak to the consistency of molasses; apply as a plaster, shifting it once a week; or, burn red-oak bark to ashes; sprinkle it on the sore till it is eaten out; then apply a plaster of tar; or, take garget berries and leaves of stramonium; simmer them together in equal parts of neatsfoot oil and the tops of hemlock; mix well together, and apply it to the parts affected; at the same time make a tea of winter-green (root and branch); put a handful into two quarts of water; add two ounces of sulphur and drink of this tea freely during the day.”
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