American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Any of various dark gray sandstones that contain shale.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In geology, a compact aggregate of rounded or subangular grains of various silicious rocks, held together by a paste which is usually silicious. Graywacke is a slightly metamorphosed detrital rock, and is chiefly found in the Paleozoic series. When geology began to be studied as a science, the so-called “transition series” was frequently called the “Graywacke series,” from the predominance in it of the rock of that name. Since the establishment of the “Silurian system” by Murchison, which (in Europe at least) consists largely of rocks formerly designated as graywacke (in German grauwacke), this term has almost entirely gone out of use.
- n. Alternative form of greywacke.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Geol.) A conglomerate or grit rock, consisting of rounded pebbles and sand firmly united together.
- Partial translation of German Grauwacke : grau, gray + Wacke, rock (from Middle High German, from Old High German waggo, boulder; see wegh- in Indo-European roots). (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Ecoregion 66c is underlain by Precambrian metamorphic rock, including quartzite, graywacke, and conglomerate of the Lynchburg Formation.”
“Parts of the Danville Basin, on the other hand, are higher and have more relief than adjacent portions of the Piedmont because they are underlain by relatively resistant rocks including conglomerate and graywacke (Hack, 1982; Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, 1993).”
“A fragment of an exquisitely carved graywacke vase proved there had been a royal presence -- such stone vessels were products of royal workshops in the early First Dynasty.”
“It wasn't made of plastic, but exquisitely carved out of graywacke, the same stone as used for the Narmer Palette, which is similar to slate but has a finer grain.”
“It led up stairs of graywacke, along the brink of slaty cliffs that dropped sheer, hundreds of feet to the stream below.”
“[Footnote 29: I found graywacke in situ at Iron River, in Lake Superior, in 1826, and subsequently at Presque Isle River, where it is slaty, and fine even grained, and apparently suitable for some economical uses.]”
“Those streams which originate in, or run through districts of granite, limestone, graywacke, &c., present pebbles of these respective rocks abundantly along their banks, at points below the termination of the fixed strata.”
“Is it primitive, or is it graywacke like Catskill Mountains?”
“I received a specimen of slaty graywacke from Lake Superior.”
“Cruachan more to the quick, had he known all about geology, gneiss, and graywacke, and the Silurian system?”
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