Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. An old-world bat of the family Rhinolophidæ; any rhinolophid having the nose-leaf more or less horseshoe-shaped. The name applies especially to two European species, Rhinolophus ferrum-equinum and R. hipposideros, both of which occur in England, and there represent the subfamily Rhinolophinæ. Another horseshoe-bat is the Indian and Chinese Phyllorhina armigera, which is a representative of the Phyllorhininæ, the other subfamily of the rhinolophids. The term is loosely extended to some other phyllostomine or leaf-nosed bats.
“Other species present are bare-backed fruit-bat Dobsonia inermis, Pacific flying-fox Pteropus tonganus, spurred horseshoe-bat Hipposideros calcaratus and large Melanesian bent-wing bat Miniopterus propitristis.”
“Bulmer's fruit bat (Aproteles bulmerae) and the large pogonomelomys (Pogonomelomys bruijni) are critically endangered, whereas the lesser tube-nosed bat (Nyctimene draconilla), New Guinea sheathtail-bat (Emballonura furax), Fly River horseshoe-bat (Hipposideros muscinus), and Papuan mastiff bat (Otomops papuensis) are considered vulnerable.”
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