American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A clear, colorless, fuming, poisonous, highly acidic aqueous solution of hydrogen chloride, HCl, used as a chemical intermediate and in petroleum production, ore reduction, food processing, pickling, and metal cleaning. It is found in the stomach in dilute form.
- n. inorganic chemistry A strong acid made by dissolving the gas, hydrogen chloride, in water. It reacts with alkalis, bases and many metals to form chlorides; it has many industrial applications.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. (Chem.) hydrogen chloride; a colorless, corrosive gas, HCl, of pungent, suffocating odor. It is made in great quantities in the soda process, by the action of sulphuric acid on common salt. It has a great affinity for water, and the commercial article is a strong solution of the gas in water. It is a typical acid, and is an indispensable agent in commercial and general chemical work. Called also
muriatic acidand chlorhydric acid.
- n. an aqueous solution of hydrogen chloride; a strongly corrosive acid
“This list includes, among many other things, baking soda and vinegar, which together produce carbon dioxide gas, and diluted hydrochloric acid mixed up with sodium sulfide, which makes a stinkazoid rottenegg smell in no time.”
“Volcanic ejecta is penetrated by dozens of toxins – carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, hydrochloric acid – all of which would have been detected in our electronic scans.”
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