Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The worship offered by Roman Catholics to the Virgin Mary: so called because it is higher than that given to other saints, which is known as dulia, while the worship due to God alone is called latria. See dulia. Also hyper-duly.
- n. Roman Catholicism A level of veneration higher than dulia but less than latria, properly given to the Virgin Mary.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (R. C. Ch.) Veneration or worship given to the Virgin Mary as the most exalted of mere creatures; higher veneration than dulia.
- From Medieval Latin hyperdūlīa, from hyper-, from Ancient Greek ὑπέρ (huper, "above") + dulia, from Ancient Greek δουλεία (douleia, "slavery"), from δοῦλος (doulos, "slave"). (Wiktionary)
“Mother of God, which in the language of theology is called hyperdulia, to distinguish the honour rendered to her from that given to the other saints.”
“a sublimer manner than any other creature the goodness of God, deserves from us a higher recognition and deeper veneration than any other of the saints; and this peculiar cultus due to her because of her unique position in the Divine economy, is designated in theology hyperdulia, that is dulia in an eminent degree.”
“The word "hyperdulia," now used to signify the worship proper to the”
“She is worthy of "hyperdulia," the highest human respect.”
“But they partly annihilate their own excuse which rests on this distinction, when they say that the same honour and worship (whether it be that of latria, of dulia, or of hyperdulia,) must be given to an image as to its archetype.”
“Now hyperdulia is apparently a mean between latria and dulia: for it is shown towards creatures having a special affinity to God, for instance to the Blessed Virgin as being the mother of God.”
“Therefore it seems that there are different species of dulia, one being simply dulia, the other hyperdulia.”
“In speaking of worship, theologians generally distinguish three kinds, namely: latria, or that supreme worship due to God alone, which cannot be transferred to any creature without committing the sin of idolatry; dulia, or that secondary veneration we give to saints and angels as the special friends of God; hyperdulia, or that higher veneration which we give to the Blessed Virgin as the most exalted of all God's creatures.”
“For this reason we say that not any kind of _dulia_ is due to her, but _hyperdulia.”
“God, it should be adored with the adoration of _dulia_; not any kind of _dulia, _ such as is given to other creatures, but with a certain higher adoration, which is called _hyperdulia.”
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