from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In ichthyology: A nerve of some fishes, as sharks, formed by the coalescence of the ventral or anterior roots of the last three cranial nerves, and extending to certain muscles of the shoulder-girdle.
- n. [capitalized] A genus of fishes, containing the halibut: same as Hippoglossus.
- n. In anatomy, same as hypoglossal.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
One might almost speak of a lingual delirium in his case, as in that of the insane, when he pours forth all sorts of disconnected utterances, articulate and inarticulate, in confusion; and yet I often saw his tongue affected with fibrillar contractions as if the mastery of the hypoglossus were not as yet complete.
Quite similar fibrillar movements seem to be made by the tongue in bulbar paralysis, and in the case of dogs and guinea-pigs whose hypoglossus has been severed.
Remarkably, ChAT + neurons from adjacent hypoglossus nuclei showed neither alpha-synuclein accumulations nor GFAP increase
• Conversely, one patient with pretherapeutic, unilateral hypoglossus paresis showed significant improvement of tongue movement after Re-188 HEDP treatment.
To be sure, the anatomical localization of the impressive and expressive paths is not yet ascertained, so that for the present the centripetal roads from the acusticus to the motor speech-center, and the intercentral fibers that run to the higher centers, are as much unknown as the centrifugal paths leading from them to the nuclei of the hypoglossus; but that the speech-center discovered by Broca is situated in the posterior portion of the third frontal convolution (in right-handed men on the left, in left-handed on the right) is universally acknowledged.
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