from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Situated beneath the pharynx.
- Situated at the lower part of the pharynx.
- In entomology, pertaining to the hypopharynx.
- In ichthyology, specifically applied to the lower pharyngeal bones: opposed to epipharyngeal. See the extract.
- n. One of the lower pharyngeal bones: generally used in the plural.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Epipharyngeal sclerites: in bees; a pair of strap-like pieces extending backward from the two sides of the base of epipharynx: see hypopharyngeal sclerites.
The objective of this retrospective study is to investigate laryngeal preservation and long-term treatment results in hypopharyngeal carcinoma treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) combined with chemotherapy.
Twenty-seven patients with hypopharyngeal carcinoma (stage II-IV) were enrolled and underwent concurrent chemoradiotherapy.
After long-term follow-up, our results confirmed that patients with hypopharyngeal carcinoma treated with IMRT concurrent with platinum-based chemotherapy attain high functional laryngeal and local-regional control survival rates.
Cephalometric and videoendoscopy studies have established that tongue protrusion creates a greater increase in oropharyngeal, velopharyngeal and hypopharyngeal cross-sectional areas of the upper airway, hence improving airway patency and function, helping those with chronic snoring to sleep sounder and breathe easier.
Clinicians used the new device for the first time last week, to deliver an image-guided RapidArc® treatment for a patient battling hypopharyngeal cancer, a tumor in the lower part of the throat near the larynx.
Royal jelly (RJ) is a thick, milky material produced by both the hypopharyngeal and the mandibular glands of nurse honeybees.
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