from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A prosperous landed peasant in czarist Russia, characterized by the Communists during the October Revolution as an exploiter.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A prosperous peasant in the Russian Empire or the Soviet Union, who owned land and could hire workers.
Russian, fist, kulak, probably of Turkic origin.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
1877. From Russian кулак (kulák, "fist; tight-fisted person"), from Turkic. Compare also Russian раскулачивание (raskuláčivanie, "dekulakization"), подкулачник (podkuláčnik, "subkulak"). (Wiktionary)