from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A badge of two wide purple stripes, worn by senators and certain other high-ranking people in ancient Rome.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A broad stripe of purple on the fore part of the tunic, worn by senators in ancient Rome as an emblem of office.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. One of two broad stripes of purple woven in the stuff of the tunic worn by Roman senators and persons of senatorial rank, extending vertically from the neck down the front, and serving as a badge of their dignity. See angusticlave.
- n. Hence The tunic ornamented with these bands or stripes, or the dignity of which it was a mark.
His under dress or tunic, was not of that succinct and narrow cut, which had so well become the sturdy fathers of the new republic! but — beside being wrought of the finest Spanish wool of snowy whiteness, with the broad crimson facings indicative of his senatorial rank, known as the laticlave — fell in loose folds half way between his knee and ancle.
The shoulders were padded, as if a jam pot stood there, and the waist buttoned tight, too tight for any happiness, to show the bright laticlave of brocaded waistcoat.
“Lay aside the laticlave and, clothing yourself in rags, come forward in this character.”
The proconsul wore a toga ornamented with the laticlave, a broad purple band extending down the front of the garment, indicating his rank; and his feet were encased in the kind of buskins worn by consuls.
The original says, when I obtained the _laticlave_, and the English calls it the
Dacier has given an account of the _laticlave_, which has been well received by the learned.
The sons of senators and patricians were entitled to that distinction, as a matter of right: but the young men, descended from such as were not patricians, did not wear the _laticlave_, till they entered into the service of the commonwealth, and undertook the functions of the civil magistracy.
He gave leave to the sons of senators, in general, to assume the _laticlave_ presently after the time of putting on the _toga virilis_, though they were not capable of civil honours.
The _laticlave_, was an additional honour often granted at the same time.
_Ovid_ speaks of himself and his brother assuming the _manly gown_ and the _laticlave_ at the same time:
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