Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A genus of dipnoan fishes, typical of the family Lepidosirenidæ and subfamily Lepidosireninæ, of an elongate form, as in the amphibian genus Siren, but with a scaly body. Formerly the Protopterus annectens of Africa was included in this genus, and the name lepidosiren is still loosely applied to that fish, though it is more properly restricted to the South American form for which the genus was originally instituted. L. paradoxa is the South American mudfish, about 3 feet long, found in the Amazon. Amphibichthys is a synonym.
- n. A member of this genus.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Zoöl.) An eel-shaped ganoid fish of the order Dipnoi, having both gills and lungs. It inhabits the rivers of South America. The name is also applied to a related African species (Protopterus annectens). The lepidosirens grow to a length of from four to six feet. Called also
- Ancient Greek (Wiktionary)
“The eleventh stage is formed by the primæval fish or selachii (sharks); the twelfth by the mud fish, of which there still live the protopterus in Africa, the lepidosiren in the tributaries of the”
“The genera Ornithorhynchus and lepidosiren, for example, would not have been less aberrant had each been represented by a dozen species, instead of as at present by a single one, or by two or three.”
“Owen considers the simple filamentary limbs of the lepidosiren as the beginnings of organs which attain full functional development in higher vertebrates; but, according to the view lately advocated by Dr. Günther, they are probably remnants, consisting of the persistent axis of a fin, with the lateral rays of branches aborted.”
“The surrounding mud then hardens into a dry ball; and these balls are dug out of the soil of the rice-fields by the natives, with the fish inside them, by which means many specimens of lepidosiren have been sent alive to Europe, embedded in their natural covering.”
“American mud-fish on the one hand and the wonderful lepidosiren on the other, it forms a true member of the long series by which the higher animals generally trace their descent from a remote race of marine ancestors.”
“Grant a simple archetypal creature, like the mud-fish or lepidosiren”
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