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  • Over 375 birds have been recorded, notable species being king vulture Sarcoramphus papa, harpy eagle Harpia harpyia (LR), great curassow Crax rubra, crested guan Penelope purpurescens, scarlet macaw Ara macao, green macaw A. ambigua and military macaw A. militaris.

    Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve, Honduras

  • The powerful eagles Spizaetus tyrannus, Morphnus guianensis and Harpia harpyja, the critically endangered blue knobbed curassow Crax alberti, six species of macaws Ara ambigua, A. militaris, A. ararauna, A. macao, A. chloroptera, and A. severa, among others.

    Magdalena-Urabá moist forests

  • Scarlet and great green macaws (Ara macao, A. ambigua) nest in the lowland forests.

    Isthmian-Pacific moist forests

  • The island is also a refuge for birds which have almost disappeared from mainland Panama such as the crested eagle Morphnus guianensis and the scarlet macaw Ara macao.

    Coiba National Park and its Special Zone of Marine Protection, Panama

  • According to Renton, six species of macaw occur in the lowland forest, Ara ararauna, A. chloroptera, A. macao, A. severa, and A. manilata.

    Manu National Park, Peru

  • The avifauna comprises 333 species, representing 63 of the 74 families in Guatemala, and includes ocellated turkey Agriocharis ocellata (LR), Sarcorhamphus papa, Crax rubra, Penelope purpurascens, red macaw Ara macao, jaribu stork Jaribu mycteria and many others, including crested eagle Spizaetus ornatus.

    Tikal National Park, Guatemala

  • The CSNR is known to contain more than 400 of Suriname's known bird species, including Scarlet, Red-and-Green and Blue-and-Gold Macaws, (Ara macao, Ara chloroptera, Ara ararauna); Great Tinamou (Tinamus major), Black Curassow (Crax alector) the Guianan Cock-of-the-Rock (Rupicola rupicola) and the Harpy Eagle.

    Central Suriname Nature Reserve, Suriname

  • Bird species of the area listed as vulnerable are: sharp-tailed ibis (Cerbibis oxycerca) whose distribution is restricted to the llanos and is the most scarce ibis species found in Colombia and Venezuela; and the scarlet macaw (Ara macao), the macaw most used as a pet.


  • Birds that may visit mangrove communities include Amazona autumnalis, scarlet macaw (Ara macao), green macaw (Ara ambigua), military macaw (A. militaris), snowy cotinga (Carpodectes nitidus), and several parrots, parakeets, and hummingbirds.

    Mosquitia-Nicaraguan Caribbean Coast mangroves

  • It is de rigueur, my dear; and they play billiards as they used to play macao and hazard in

    The History of Pendennis


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