Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The third tone in a diatonic musical scale, determining the major or minor quality of the tonic chord.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The third degree of the diatonic scale.
  • n. A rational number whose numerator is the sum of the numerators of two other given rational numbers and whose denominator is the sum of the denominators of those same two other rational numbers.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The third above the keynote; -- so called because it divides the interval between the tonic and dominant into two thirds.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In Gregorian music, one of the principal tones of a mode, situated as nearly as possible midway between the dominant and the final, and ranking next in importance to them.
  • n. In modern music, the third tone of the scale. The scale is major or minor according as the mediant is a major or a minor third above the key-note.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. (music) the third note of a diatonic scale; midway between the tonic and the dominant

Etymologies

Italian mediante, from Late Latin mediāns, mediant-, present participle of mediāre, to be in the middle, from Latin medius, middle; see medium.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)

Examples

  • (The harmonic progression in the Bernstein is subdominant to mediant, IV-iii: one of his favorites, particularly in his music for Broadway.) posted by Matthew @ 10: 00 AM

    Im chambre séparée

  • It seems to us that the elementary angles which Mr. Hay conceives to be the tonic, mediant, and dominant, in formal symmetry, will soon be proved to decompose into a scale of linear harmony, forming another beam in this glory of natural analogy.

    The Continental Monthly , Vol. 2 No. 5, November 1862 Devoted to Literature and National Policy

  • They are both scales of seven: the tonic, mediant, and dominant, find their types in red, yellow, and blue, while the modifications on which the diatonic scale is constructed, resemble, numerically and esthetically, the well-known variations in the spectrum.

    The Continental Monthly , Vol. 2 No. 5, November 1862 Devoted to Literature and National Policy

  • The Hindoos have also terms in their language for the tonic, mediant and dominant, so that they know something of harmony, of which the Malays seem quite ignorant.

    Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science, Volume 22. October, 1878.

  • "Ah, you are mediant, incorrigible," said the lady, in broken English, laughing as she spoke.

    Won from the Waves

  • The mediant 1000 is set to forward any calls to number 12345678 to the IP of the SPA2102

    Voxilla VoIP Forum

  • Q: Are there plans to bring out msbg versions of the mediant 600 or mediant 2000 platforms?

    VoIP & Gadgets Blog

  • You have to pay attention to the energy of the voice, the pitch, the inflection of every word, singing and breathing with others together, and be able to alight at the mediant or final cadence with ease.

    New Liturgical Movement

  • Which in the above absurd example might be the "for which they were late" coming at the mediant cadence.

    New Liturgical Movement

  • Those submediant switches from C major into A flat major, and to a lesser extent mediant ones e.g. the octave ascent in the famous I want To Hold Your Hand are a trademark of Lennon-McCartney songs continued with discussion of their hidden meaning in their lyrics.

    Nicholas Bate

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