Definitions

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A genus of leguminous plants of the suborder Cæsalpinieæ and the tribe Sclerolobieæ, characterized by a compressed partially woody legume with samara-like seeds, the outer integument expanding into a wing at the apex. There is but one species, M. Braunia. See brauna.

Etymologies

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Examples

  • Blackthorn Acacia mellifera and zebrawood Dalbergia melanoxylon dominate in the drier conditions beside Lake Eyasi.

    Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania

  • At the foot of the escarpment, in the plain of Douentza, there is a preponderance of Sahelian species such as Acacia albida, A. raddiana, Dalbergia melanoxylon, Combretum aculeatum and Tamarindus indica.

    Cliffs of Bandiagara (Land of the Dogons), Mali

  • But, because it is rare and somewhat unstable so that instruments made of it shed modern keywork, woodwinds these days are almost universally made of so-called Grenadilla or African Blackwood Dahlbergia melanoxylon.

    The white tree — late night version.

  • Although Aglaia haselettiana, Carum villosum, and Pycnocyclea glauca are endemic, endangered plant species in this ecoregion, Diospyros melanoxylon, Madhuca longifolia, Butea monosperma, and Shleichera oleosa, are more economically useful species.

    Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests

  • Teak (Tectona grandis) dominates the vegetation and is associated with Diospyros melanoxylon, Anogeissus latifolia, Lagerstroemia parviflora, Terminalia tomentosa, Lannea coromandelica, Hardwickia binata, and Boswellia serata.

    Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests

  • Mopane often forms pure stands to the exclusion of other species, but is generally associated with several other prominent trees and shrubs, such as Kirkia acuminata, Dalbergia melanoxylon, Adansonia digitata, Combretum apiculatum, C. imberbe, Acacia nigrescens, Cissus cornifolia, and Commiphora spp.

    Zambezian and Mopane woodlands

  • Of particular conservation importance are the magnificent examples of pristine tall forests, with eucalyptus such as swamp gum Eucalyptus regnans (the world's tallest flowering plant) forming a 60-90 m high canopy over a 10-20 m high closed wet sclerophyll understorey of Olearia argophylla, Pomaderris apetala, Acacia dealbata and Acacia melanoxylon.

    Tasmanian Wilderness, Australia

  • Its dominant species are Brachystegia spiciformis and muyombo B. boehmii with Julbernardia globiflora, bloodwood Pterocarpus angolensis, blackwood Dalbergia melanoxylon and Isoberlinia spp. with a shrub layer of Diplorhyncus condylocarpus and species of leadwood Combretum.

    Selous Game Reserve, Tanzania

  • Some plant species, such as the African blackwood (Dalbergia melanoxylon), are also threatened by over-harvesting.

    Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets

  • Although commercial logging does not pose a large threat in general, African blackwood (Dalbergia melanoxylon), a prized commercial tree, is mostly contained within the boundaries of the Eastern Miombo Woodland ecoregion.

    Eastern Miombo woodlands

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