American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A branched cluster of flowers in which the branches are racemes.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A form of inflorescence produced, in its simple and normal type, when a raceme becomes irregularly compound by some of the pedicles developing into peduncles, each bearing several flowers, or branching again and again in the same order. In the compound clusters thus produced the secondary and tertiary ramifications usually differ in type, giving rise to a mixed inflorescence; hence the term panicle, as generally employed in botanical descriptions, signifies any loose and diversely branched cluster in which the flowers are pedicelate. See also cuts under Adlumia, inflorescence, melic-grass,oat, and osmunda.
- n. botany A compound raceme.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Bot.) A pyramidal form of inflorescence, in which the cluster is loosely branched below and gradually simpler toward the end.
- n. compound raceme or branched cluster of flowers
- Latin pānicula, feminine diminutive of pānus, a swelling, main stalk of a panicle. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The inflorescence, or flowering part of the stem, is terminal, loosely branching in that form which botanists term a panicle, with long, linear floral leaves or bractes at the origin of each division.”
“The flowers are arranged in a silvery, cylindrical, branching structure, called a panicle, up to 11 inches long and 1.5 inches wide.”
“Alternatively, the native subspecies americanus is typically shorter, has a smooth, often reddish stalk, lighter yellow-green foliage, a sparser flower panicle and often grows in association with other plants.”
“Its long, narrow leaves grow along the length of the stalk, which terminates in a bushy flowering panicle.”
“The non-native P. australis can grow up to 5 meters tall, has a rough, entirely green stalk, dark blue-green foliage, a dense flower panicle and often grows in dense monocultures.”
“GRACILE, formerly collected in the tropical part of New Holland by Dr. Brown; and a very remarkable new species of the same curious genus, with an open narrow panicle, and little branches not unlike those of a young oat. 103 The river again formed a goodly continuous channel.”
“So tenacious is it and prompt, that should a panicle as it whirls downward touch the leaves of lower branches of the parent, or of any neighbouring tree, it sticks and becomes a pendant swaying trap in a new position.”
“The natural glutin is produced while the slim, fluted, inch-long seeds are green, but its virtue remains even after the whole panicle has withered and has fallen.”
“FLOWERS: Inflorescence a large terminal branched panicle which may be compact or loosely held.”
“The degree of cross-pollination depends on both the amount of wind and the panicle type, open heads being more liable to cross - pollination than compact ones.”
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