from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A treeless alpine plateau of the Andes and tropical South America.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. a treeless grassland ecosystem covering extensive high areas of equatorial mountains, especially in South America
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A high, bleak plateau or district, with stunted trees, and cold, damp atmosphere, as in the Andes, in South America.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A desert plain, bare of trees, at a high elevation, open to the winds, and uncultivated and uninhabited.
- n. According to Schimper (“Plant-Geog.” (trans.), p. 743), the paramos, lying in the alpine region of the equatorial Cordilleras in Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela, are essentially steppes, and are distinguished in character from the punas by their moisture. They begin at the limit of dwarf forest and shrub wood, are either treeless or bear isolated gnarled individuals, and are covered with a vegetation of grass and low herbs, with a peculiar taller growth of composite plants, called frailejon (which see). Compare puna.
American Spanish páramo, from Spanish, wasteland.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)