American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Characteristic or symptomatic of a particular disease or condition.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- In medicine, indicating that by which a disease may be certainly known; hence, belonging to or inseparable from a disease, being found in it and in no other; characteristic: as, pathognomonic symptoms.
- adj. diagnostic beyond any doubt for a particular disease.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. (Med.) Specially or decisively characteristic of a disease; indicating with certainty a disease.
- Greek pathognōmonikos : patho-, patho- + gnōmonikos, able to judge (from gnōmōn, interpreter; see gnō- in Indo-European roots). (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Descriptions of this virus is pathognomonic, or diagnostic, of a virus that came from Robertsons circle of friends, Dr. Horowitz charges.”
“Mutism and stupor, although characteristic of catatonia, are not pathognomonic.”
“There are no laboratory findings pathognomonic of schizophrenia, although schizophrenics show abnormalities on several laboratory tests.”
“Delusions, however, are not pathognomonic of schizophrenia and occur with equal frequency in patients with affective disorder and coarse brain disease 13; 159; 555, pp. 18-22, pp.”
“None of these is pathognomonic (48, 49) (see specific disorders in Chapters 9 through 19 for details).”
“Inappropriateness of mood quality (laughing in a sad situation) is not a pathognomonic sign and may reflect normal anxiety (e.g., gallows humor), as well as serious illness.”
“Catatonic behaviors also have been mistakenly considered pathognomonic of schizophrenia.”
“Are there pathognomonic symptoms in schizophrenia?”
“Diagnosis Acute pain, reduced shoulder movement, swelling, large brachio-cephalic bruise, and the arm internally rotated (pathognomonic of this fracture).”
“_ -- This, the pathognomonic sign of either condition, was always present in the fully developed stage, and is probably present from the first unless a temporary thrombosis obstructs the vascular openings.”
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