American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The restructuring of the Soviet economy and bureaucracy that began in the mid 1980s.
- n. A program of political and economic reform carried out in the Soviet Union in the 1980s under the leadership of Mikhail Gorbachev.
- n. an economic policy adopted in the former Soviet Union; intended to increase automation and labor efficiency but it led eventually to the end of central planning in the Russian economy
- From Russian перестройка (perestrójka, "restructuring") (Wiktionary)
- Russian perestroĭka : pere-, around, again (from Old Russian) + stroĭka, construction (from stroit', to build, from Old Russian stroiti, from strojĭ, order). (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The term perestroika, meaning restructuring, was used by Gorbachev in the late 1980s to describe a series of reforms that abolished state planning in the Soviet Union.”
“Finding the economy in desperate shape, he set out to save the Soviet system by restructuring, what he called perestroika, and glasnost, greater openness in decision making.”
“To restructure the Soviet economy before it collapsed, Gorbachev announced an agenda of rapid reform, based upon what he called perestroika (restructuring) and glasnost (liberalization, openness).”
“To restructure the Soviet economy before it collapsed, Gorbachev announced an agenda of rapid reform, based upon what he called perestroika (restructuring) and glasnost”
“A completely new climate was developing under perestroika, the Russian word meaning "restructuring.”
“Although a committed communist, he sought to revive the ailing Soviet economy by introducing some elements of capitalist competition (a policy he called perestroika, or restructuring) and to encourage free expression by a policy of glasnost.”
“Applying conventional wisdom to perestroika is unproductive.”
“But if we are to choose from its many possible synonyms the key one which expresses its essence most accurately, then we can say this: perestroika is a revolution.”
“Former Russian oligarch Mikhail Khodorkovsky, founder of now defunct Yukos oil giant, who is in prison on fraud and tax evasion charges, also used the word perestroika in discussing the future course of the Obama administration.”
“Lamos was the first American director to stage a play with a Russian company in the early days of "perestroika" -- O'Neill's "Desire under the Elms" at Moscow's Pushkin Theater.”
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