American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The region near or immediately within a bacterial or other cell wall, outside the plasma membrane.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In the Peronosporeæ, a delicate hyaline peripheral layer of protoplasm, which in the pollinodium and oögonium becomes differentiated from the granular central mass, or gonoplasm. It does not share in the conjugation. See gonoplasm.
- n. In ferns, the residuum of the dissolved tapetal walls, which forms a mucilaginous protoplasmic mass in which the spores eventually lie embedded.
- peri- + plasm. Coined by Peter D. Mitchell in 1961. (Wiktionary)
“First, instead of the flagella sticking outside of the cell and doing what any self-respecting flagellum would do, the flagella of spirochetes rotate entirely within the periplasm the space between the inner and outer membrane, which includes the cell wall.”
“Compared to the Salmonella motor, the Treponema motor is wider and more robust (perhaps as a form of “down-shifting”, to increase power), and sort of squashed down into the lower membrane, perhaps to help the hook complex (the base of the filament) fit within the periplasm:”
“The cell wall is separated from the outermembrane by the periplasm.”
“Complex I takes electrons from food, stored in NADH molecules, and transfers them down a chain of electron receptors to parts of the machine that pump protons across the mitochondrial membrane into the periplasm, setting up a proton gradient.”
“They also suggest that while cytochromes are important for extracellular electron transport, the path of electrons across the periplasm and outer membrane is variable.”
“The envelope translocase can be envisaged as a prokaryotic feature missing in higher plant chloroplasts but retained in cyanelles, likely for protein transport to the periplasm.”
“The secretion consists of an apparatus that in the cytoplasm of E. coli-synthesized proteins transported first through cytoplasmic membrane, periplasm and outer membrane. constructed by a molecular “needle” (mainly from the protein EspA), headed from the proteins and EspD EspB in the cytoplasmic membrane of the host cell inserts, go effector proteins (eg EspH, EspG) in their cytoplasm and enslave “the human cell.”
“(enzyme is synthesized in the cytoplasm, then integrated in the inner membranes and finally translocated to the periplasm )  membrane”
“(enzyme is synthesized in the cytoplasm, then integrated in the inner membranes and finally translocated to the periplasm )  Additional information”
“(enzyme is synthesized in the cytoplasm, then integrated in the inner membranes and finally translocated to the periplasm )  periplasm”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘periplasm’.
A hodgepodge, jumble, jambalaya, *gallimaufry, circus and tent revival of plant anatomy and morphology terms and phrases - its a big tent, and no tickets are required.
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