Definitions

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A type of Ancient Greek or Ancient Roman temple surrounded by a portico with columns.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A peripteral edifice; a building having a peristyle of a single range of columns. See cut under opisthodomos.

Etymologies

Ancient Greek περίπτερος (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Based on the architectural fragments found in the area (from a reconstruction phase of the temple dated to A.D. 102-103), the temple was built as an Ionic peripteros with 6 by 11 columns on top of a temple podium.

    Interactive Dig Sagalassos - Apollo Klarios Sanctuary Report 1

  • The latter had been built under Augustus, but during the Flavian period it was also dedicated to the Flavian Imperial House and in A.D. 102-103 was provided by a local aristocratic family with marble wall veneer and with a colonnade or peripteros composed of 6 by 11 columns.

    Interactive Dig Sagalassos - Find of the Week 1 - 2008

  • As it is almost excluded that nothing of a potential Augustan peripteros was preserved, one has to reconstruct the Augustan Temple of Apollo Klarios as a simple naos of which the facade of the pronaos was shaped as a pseudo-peripteral naos (this means with attached half-columns instead of free standing ones) with smooth half-columns projecting from the antae and fluted half-column on either side of the door, all columns being crowned by Ionic half-capitals.

    Interactive Dig Sagalassos - Find of the Week 1 - 2008

  • Yet, the fact that all columns and capitals of the peripteros recycled in the Christian early fifth-century A.D. basilica are clearly of Trajanic date, whereas the walls of the naos or actual temple, which it surrounded are most likely Augustan, caused some doubt about the presence of an external colonnade during the original phase.

    Interactive Dig Sagalassos - Find of the Week 1 - 2008

  • The pseudo-peripteral temple originated from southern Italy as a mixture between a Greek peripteros and an Italo-Etruscan podium temple.

    Interactive Dig Sagalassos - Find of the Week 1 - 2008

  • It was unknown, but for a long time believed, that this peripteros might have replaced an older Augustan one, possibly damaged by an earthquake.

    Interactive Dig Sagalassos - Find of the Week 1 - 2008

  • Within the courtyard stood a Corinthian peripteros (perimeter colonnade) of six by 11 columns, facing west and built on a krepidoma (stepped base).

    Interactive Dig Sagalassos - Hadrian & Antoninus Pius Sanctuary

  • The architectural remains visible on the terrace or reused inside the Christian church indicate that this was probably an Ionic peripteros with unfluted columns, surrounding a central sanctuary or cella.

    Interactive Dig Sagalassos - Apollo Klarios Sanctuary Report 1

  • These forms, which we may call form G, are exemplified in literature by the forms of the sonnet or of tragedy with the “three unities” (place, time, and action); in music, the forms of the fugue or sonata; in architecture, the peripteros (“array of columns”) or the Ionic order; the bosquet form in Italian and French gardening; the zwiebelmuster (“onion pattern”) design in Saxon por - celain.

    Dictionary of the History of Ideas

  • The foundations of the cella are also less accurately laid than those of the peripteros.

    The American Journal of Archaeology, 1893-1

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