from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. To add a phosphate group to (an organic molecule).
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- v. To cause phosphorylation.
- v. To undergo phosphorylation.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The glycerol backbone of triglycerides stored in fat cells is ensured of being used as a gluconeogenic substrate since fat cells lack the enzyme that would be needed to phosphorylate the glycerol molecule.
Some kinases only phosphorylate "downstream" of other phosphosites.
If there is no Krebs cycle, no metabolism and no more ATP to phosphorylate peptides in kinase activity etc, then that organism is simply dead — and it is in equilibrium, or is on a monotonic course to equilibrium as it decays or is consumed by other organisms.
They will phosphorylate different proteins and affect the cell nucleus, which in turn will issue orders regarding the synthesis of new proteins.
This means that enzymes phosphorylate and dephosphorylate proteins.
The activity of Akt immunoprecipitated from the cell lysates was determined by its ability to phosphorylate GSK3α.
Effect of ROS and RNS modulators on insulin-stimulated Akt activity Although phosphorylation of Ser473 and Thr308 residues is generally used as a marker of Akt activation, we directly measured its enzymatic activity by determining its ability to phosphorylate GSK3α which is one of its known targets.
The cleavage product, containing a tyrosine kinase domain, is translocated to the nucleus and is believed to phosphorylate nuclear substrates
As CDK4 is known to phosphorylate Rb, and is a known oncogene, the independent oncogenic role of
One additional complicating factor is these analyses is the fact that cdc2 has been reported to directly phosphorylate both S6K1
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