American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Inflammation of the pleura and lungs; pneumonia aggravated by pleurisy.
- n. An infectious febrile disease of cattle, caused by a mycoplasma and characterized by inflammation of the pleura and lungs.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A specific contagious disease, peculiar to cattle, affecting the lungs and the pleura, supposed to be caused by some form of micro-organism. It was recognized as far back as the eighteenth century, and now occurs in all the countries of western Europe, in the United States, in southern Africa, and in Australia. The losses which it causes are frequently enormous. The disease first appears in the interlobular tissue of the lungs, whence it invades the pleura and the lung-tissue proper. The latter becomes solidified, and dark-red in color, which varies in later stages. The interlobular tissue becomes thickened into broad yellowish or grayish bands, which give the cut surface of the lungs a peculiar marbled appearance. The disease may be limited to a single lobe or involve one entire lung. A lung becomes very heavy, weighing in some cases over fifty pounds. The disease appears after a period of incubation of from three to six weeks with a feeble cough, which grows more troublesome from week to week. There is slight fever, associated with partial cessation of rumination and milk-secretion. The back is arched and the head is stretched out horizontally during fits of coughing. After a period of from two to six weeks the animal may recover, or the disease may enter a second or acute stage, in which all the symptoms mentioned become greatly aggravated. This stage may last two or three weeks, ending fatally in from; 30 to 50 per cent, of all the cases.
- n. In medicine, pleurisy combined with pneumonia.
- n. medicine inflammation of the pleura and lungs; a combination of pleurisy and pneumonia, especially a kind of contagious and fatal lung plague of cattle
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Med.) Inflammation of the pleura and lungs; a combination of pleurisy and pneumonia, esp. a kind of contagions and fatal lung plague of cattle.
- n. pleurisy and pneumonia
- pleuro- + pneumonia (Wiktionary)
“There was a concerted attempt to implicate a group called the pleuropneumonia-like organisms as the cause of the arthritic diseases.”
“The Botswana government plans to destroy 10,000 cattle in its ongoing campaign to stop the spread of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia, a form of lung disease.”
“In northern Australia buffaloes deliberately infected with bovine pleuropneumonia bacteria exhibited slight fever, but the disease never appeared.”
“Of these organisms the largest is that which produces pleuropneumonia in cattle, and this alone has been cultivated.”
“Among the human diseases, yellow fever, poliomyelitis, and dengue are so produced; of the animal diseases in addition to foot and mouth disease, pleuropneumonia, cattle plague,”
“Give the cause and treatment of contagious pleuropneumonia.”
“This occurs in tuberculosis, pleuropneumonia of horses and pneumococcus infection.”
“_The symptoms_ of pericarditis may not be recognized at the very beginning when the disease occurs as a complication of influenza, or infectious pleuropneumonia.”
“It is frequently met with in influenza, contagious pleuropneumonia, hog-cholera and rheumatism.”
“In the chronic form, marked symptoms of pleuropneumonia and chronic inflammation of the intestine are common.”
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