from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Of or relating to the Greek philosophers or philosophical systems of thought before Socrates.
- n. A pre-Socratic philosopher.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Existing in Ancient Greece before the flourishing of the philosopher Socrates (circa 469–399 BC).
- n. Any one of the pre-Socratic philosophers, viz. Thales (circa 624–546 BC), Anaximander (circa 610–546 BC), Anaximenes (circa 585–525 BC), Pythagoras (circa 576–495 BC), Xenophanes (circa 570–480 BC), Heraclitus (circa 535–475 BC), Parmenides (early-5th century BC), Anaxagoras (circa 500–428 BC), Empedocles (circa 490–430 BC), and Democritus (circa 460–370 BC).
Sorry, no etymologies found.
You might start by reading all of philosophy, from pre-Socratic to the last semester.
That detour through the pre-Socratic philosophers aside, I just wanted to say, nice post!
Both the Kimbell's own "Pythagoras Coming Out of a Cave" (1662) and "The Death of Empedocles" (1665-1670) — the first European painting of a volcano, according to Ms. Langdon — deal with pre-Socratic philosophers who were renowned for magical powers and their status as tricksters.
Thales, the pre-Socratic Greek philosopher, called this the First Principle.
The waterfall runs all day and night, shedding big self on the rocks below, refilling with more self, more self, more self, while bathers visit in small groups, never the same bathers, always the same river -- my local, inverted, redneck pre-Socratic.
"20 Sculptures in One Hour" is a little pre-Socratic essay on how to divide time.
Apparently when sophistry was being bandied about as a pre-Socratic school of philosophy in ancient Greece someone who set out to become worldly-wise long ago they came back with new ideas on religion, societal mores and sexual alternatives, thus becoming perverted and corrupted to the values and practices of their own culture.
Democritus is the Greek being referred to, and he wasn't "pre-Socratic".
Note 85: From Cicero to Publicius, invention of the art of memory was attributed to the pre-Socratic poet Simonides of Ceos, who was called upon to "re-member" the instant before the catastrophic conclusion to his recitation for the guests of a banquet.
The modern exists in every century and to find it I reach back to the pre-Socratic writers, to the Troubadours, to Blake, to Whitman, to Pound, Williams, to Stein, and continue forward to Oppen, Niedecker, and to the many poets writing now who continue and re-direct the liberality of modernism into our present concerns.
Wordnik is becoming a not-for-profit! Read our announcement here.