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Examples

  • These narcissistic disturbances and the patients’ uneven sense of self-esteem Goodsitt, 1977 correspond to the distorted object relations, namely, the pre-oedipal problems of separation and individuation and unresolved oedipal conflicts.

    Clinical Work with Adolescents

  • The role of pre-oedipal factors in the genesis of the sexual perversions of adult life has received increasing emphasis over the past two decades.

    Confining Beliefs to Defined Domains

  • Thus, we see the significance of profound pre-oedipal conflict, severe regression, and structural deficits involving early self and object representations.

    Clinical Work with Adolescents

  • Certain dissociative disorders, like other neurotic disturbances, are rooted in unresolved oedipal and pre-oedipal disorders, dependent longings, and conflicts over drive expression.

    Clinical Work with Adolescents

  • This left Jan at the mercy of her pre-oedipal and oedipal-like incestuous strivings for forbidden objects, i.e., mother, brothers, and father.

    Clinical Work with Adolescents

  • The pre-oedipal type is based on a strong symbiotic tie with the omnipotent mother, causing discrepancies between ego and ego ideal with narcissistic imbalance and shifts in self-esteem, creating frequent feelings of shame, weakness, and mortification.

    Clinical Work with Adolescents

  • More commonly treated are children assessed as “less than neurotic,” connoting early traumata and developmental failures with pre-oedipal levels of arrest.

    Clinical Work with Adolescents

  • As contemporary psychoanalytic theory focuses increasingly on pre-oedipal disorders, homosexuality, too, is explained in terms of pre-oedipal arrests and deficits.

    Clinical Work with Adolescents

  • Spotnitz 1969, 1976 observed that patients suffering from pre-oedipal disorders usually require considerable time for the resolution of resistance.

    Clinical Work with Adolescents

  • Developmental psychologists distinguish between oedipal and pre-oedipal disorders, and affix this diagnosis on individuals who have not made a genuine entry into the phallic-oedipal phase of development and who present inflexible behavior patterns or personal styles without experiencing subjective pain and discomfort.

    Clinical Work with Adolescents

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