American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A machine that transfers lettering or images by contact with various forms of inked surface onto paper or similar material fed into it in various ways.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A machine for taking impressions from an inked surface upon paper. A press that prints from stone is always specified as a lithographic press; a press that prints from etched or engraved copperplates, as a copperplate-press. Presses for typographic printing are broadly divided into three classes—hand-presses, job-presses, and power-presses. Those of the last, class are treated under printing-machine. The early hand-press was largely of wood. A stone was provided as a bed for the form of types, and iron for minor pieces only. Impression was made by the direct action of a screw on the platen or pressing surface, which covered only one half of the bed-plate of stone. The first notable improvement was that of Stanhope of England, who in 1798 made a hand-press entirely of iron, with a platen that fully covered the bed-plate. Many improvements have followed. The hand-presses now preferred are those in which impression is given by compound levers, and the descent and return of the platen are controlled by coiled springs instead of the screw. Presses of various forms have been devised for special kinds of printing, as in different colors at the same time. The prevalent style of job-presses, for the printing of cards and small sheets, has the type secured to a bed-plate which stands vertically, and the platen swings to and from it on a rocking shaft, or is brought to it by means of a side-lever. They are often worked by a treadle, and hence are also called
treadle-presses. Their prototype is the Gordon press, invented by George P.Gordon in 1850.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. a press for printing, books, newspaper, handbills, etc.
- n. a machine used for printing
“To have a printing press abroad in the hands of a competent English printer was a great gain to the Catholic cause, and Fowler devoted the rest of his life to this work, winning from Cardinal Allen the praise of being catholicissimus et doctissimus librorum impressor.”
“Matías Quintana, for which he was imprisoned; the "Boletín Militar", published by General Mina from the printing press which he carried with his expedition; the army of Iturbide published several sheets”
“Bernardino also founded the Collegio di S. Bonaventura at Quaracchi, near Florence, which contains the printing press of the order, and is principally intended for the publication of the writings of the great”
“Just as the printing press Johannes Gutenberg invented five centuries ago paved the way for the Renaissance, the Protestant Reformation, and the scientific revolution of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the Internet has provided the technological basis for a revolution just as radical and far-reaching, propelling communications, commerce, education, recreation, and information—including news—into a new universe.”
“But when by way of feeding the printing press of James Ballantyne and Co., he started in”
“That wouldn't be for the new printing press of his own he wants for The Red Rat, would it?”
“Polyglot printing press whence, for some centuries, issued liturgical and catechetical books, printed in a multitude of alphabets.”
“The Italian cities tended to excel in the mechanical arts, architec - ture, and civil engineering; the German cities in the metallurgical and chemical arts (Gutenberg, the inventor of the printing press was, significantly, a goldsmith by trade).”
“Near the patriarchate is the large Orthodox monastery (St. Constantine) with a printing press and hospice for pilgrims.”
“We can no longer regard, with Bacon, the compass, gunpowder, and the printing press as occurring sud - denly or as constituting the instruments of sudden change.”
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