Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. See propylaeum.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The porch, vestibule, or entrance of an edifice.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The porch, vestibule, or entrance of an edifice.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In ancient Egyptian architecture, a monumental gateway, usually between two towers in outline like truncated pyramids, of which one or a series stood before the actual entrance or pylon of most temples or other important buildings.

Etymologies

Greek propulon : pro-, before; see pro-2 + pulē, gate.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Ancient Greek before + a gate. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Sixteen paces distant from the propylon is the entrance to the pronaos, between two columns, united to the wall, which is half their height; they have the same capitals as the columns of the open temple at Philæ, which are seen no where else in Egypt, and which are represented in the travels of Denon, who says that they approach the Grecian style by the elegance of their forms.

    Travels in Nubia

  • Behind the propylon is the pronaos, with two columns in front, similar to those of the temple of Dakke.

    Travels in Nubia

  • The entrance to this temple is through a magnificent propylon, that is, a portal flanked by massy pyramidal moles.

    Sketches

  • The propylon and the whole of the temple seem to have been encompassed by a brick enclosure, parts of which still remain, and traces of the rest may be discerned under the mounds of sand.

    Travels in Nubia

  • The walls of the propylon, and of the pronaos, having been constructed of small blocks of very friable sandstone, are so much decayed, that little now remains of the sculptures with which they were originally covered; but a Briareus, with two bodies, may yet be distinguished on the outside wall of the propylon.

    Travels in Nubia

  • Before this temple stands a small propylon, or gateway, with a high projecting cornice, resembling that at Tintyra.

    Travels in Nubia

  • There are no sculptures of any kind, either on the propylon, or in the pronaos, except on the back wall of the latter, or rather on the front wall of the cella, where the two-headed

    Travels in Nubia

  • The whole fabric appears to be of the remotest antiquity; and to have been imitated by the more modern architects of Egypt; for the propylon, and the pronaos with its colossal statues, are found at Gorne, on a larger scale; the two statues in advance of the propylon, are the miniatures of those in front of the Memnonium; and the sphinxes are seen at Karnac.

    Travels in Nubia

  • The front of the portico consists of a large propylon of great beauty and simplicity, with a gate in the centre, by which the portico is entered; there had been a colonnade along the side wall of the latter, but one column only now remains, three feet three inches in diameter; the fragments of the others are lying in the area.

    Travels in Nubia

  • The floor of this inclosure, now covered with stones and ruins, is considerably below the level on which the propylon and the temple are built.

    Travels in Nubia

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