from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A genus of small crabs, among the earliest of the Brachyura, having an elongate, pentagonal, deeply furrowed carapace with granulate surface. Several species from Jurassic and Cretaceous formations are known.


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • The defining paper was by a German neurologist in the 1940s and he coined the term prosopagnosia - "prosopon" is the Greek for a face or a mask - for this apparently specific difficulty recognizing faces.

    Oliver Sacks: A Neurologist Examines 'The Mind's Eye'

  • The word person is Latin, instead whereof the Greeks have prosopon, which signifies the face, as persona in Latin signifies the disguise, or outward appearance of a man, counterfeited on the stage; and sometimes more particularly that part of it which disguiseth the face, as a mask or vizard: and from the stage hath been translated to any representer of speech and action, as well in tribunals as theatres.


  • Aristotle, for example, says that no animal has a prosopon, lit., a countenance, but only a man or a woman.

    The burka and the bikini

  • That we have prosopon anakekalummenon, an "open, uncovered face," or, as the


  • Dia kai ton anthropon plasas ho Theos proton heita telei enephusesen eis to prosopon autou pneuma zoes.


  • The last-cited parallel expression, to prosopon tes ges, is employed only in the third Gospel and in Acts. The evidence of the Lucan authorship of Acts is cumulative.

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 1: Aachen-Assize

  • The word person in its Greek form prosopon might stand for

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 10: Mass Music-Newman

  • Christ, they tried (in vain) to explain how two hypostases could be united in one person (prosopon).

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 10: Mass Music-Newman

  • Nestorius, as well as Theodore, repeatedly insisted that he did not admit two Christs or two Sons, and he frequently asserted the unity of the prosopon.

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 10: Mass Music-Newman

  • The distinction in fact was brought about gradually in the course of the controversies to which the Christological heresies gave rise, and was definitively established by the Council of Chalcedon (451), which declared that in Christ the two natures, each retaining its own properties, are united in one subsistence and one person (eis en prosopon kai mian hpostasin) (Denzinger, ed. Bannwart, 148).

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 7: Gregory XII-Infallability


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