Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A genus of dicotyledonous plants of the order Ericaceæ, the heath family, type of tribe Pyroleæ, characterized by racemed flowers with five converging petals, ten stamens with peculiar four-celled inverted anthers opening by pores, and a capsule opening from the base upward, with cobwebby margins. The 16 species are natives of the northern hemisphere, including 8 in the United States. They are smooth perennial herbs, sending out subterranean runners, and bearing radical or alternate long-stalked evergreen leaves, commonly entire and rounded, and an erect scape of bracted nodding flowers, which are white, yellowish, rose-colored, or purple. Several species are known in England and among American writers as wintergreen or false winter-green. P. rotundifolia, the larger wintergreen, is the most conspicuous species, a plant of both hemispheres, with thickish veiny round leaves, and commonly pure-white flowers, the stalk 6 to 12 inches high. It has been called
Indian lettuceand canker-lettuce. P. elliptica, a smaller American plant with thin elliptical leaves, is called shin-leaf, a name also extended to the genus.
- n. [lowercase] Any plant of the above genus.
- n. any of several evergreen perennials of the genus Pyrola
“The flowers are thickish, something like the pyrola, and its manner of growth resembles the hyacinth, with bell-shaped flowers clustering along the upper part of the stem, and erect, pointed leaves.”
“Among the most desolate sandhills you may find in July acres of wax-white pyrola – like lilies of the valley splashed with pink – covering the plains between the lonely ridges of harsh, grey grass.”
“In shady corners, deeper in the wood, the fragrant pyrola lifted its scape of clustering bells, like a lily of the valley wandered to the forest.”
“Both the glossy pipsissima and the pretty spotted wintergreen, with its variegated leaves, are common here; so is the fragrant shin-leaf; and the one-flowered pyrola, rare in most parts of the country, is also found in our woods.”
“A plain brown carpet suits it best, with a modest figure of green -- preferably of evergreen -- woven into it; a tracery of partridge-berry vine, or, it may be, of club moss, with here and there a tuft of pipsissewa and pyrola.”
“On the opener spots beneath the trees the ground is covered to a depth of two or three feet with mosses of indescribable freshness and beauty, a few dwarf conifers often planted on their rich furred bosses, together with pyrola, coptis, and Solomon's-seal.”
“A few are standing at an elevation of nearly three thousand feet; at twenty-five hundred feet, pyrola, veratrum, vaccinium, fine grasses, sedges, willows, mountain-ash, buttercups, and acres of the most luxuriant cassiope are in bloom.”
“Here I found many of my old favorites the heathworts -- kalmia, pyrola, chiogenes, huckleberry, cranberry, etc.”
“The family of the heath, cranberry, pyrola, Andromeda, and mountain-laurel -- how do these blossoms welcome their insect friends?”
“Pyrola secunda (one-sided pyrola), very common, Caucomgomoc.”
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