American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A white crystalline sugar, C18H32O16·5H2O, obtained from cottonseed meal, sugar beets, and molasses.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A crystalline sugar, C18H32O16 + 5H2O, found in Australian manna from different species of Eucalyptus, sugar-beets, cotton-seed, and barley. It has no sweet taste. When heated with dilute sulphuric acid it first yields fructose and melibiose, then the latter is broken down into glucose and galactose. It is dextrorotatory and ferments only partly with yeast. Also called melitose, gossypose, and melitriose. Inactive raffinase is found in sugar-cane and in beet-molasses. It does not crystallize.
- n. biochemistry A trisaccharide, comprised of galactose, glucose and fructose, that is widely distributed in many plants
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Chem.) A colorless crystalline slightly sweet substance obtained from the molasses of the sugar beet.
- n. a trisaccharide that occurs in sugar beets and cotton seeds and certain cereals
- French, from raffiner, to refine : re-, again (from Old French; see re-) + affiner, to refine (from Old French : a-, to from Latin ad-; see ad- + fin, fine from Old French; see fine1). (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Most of us think of gluten as the main culprit in grain sensitivities, allergies and immune system insults, but there are several other organic compounds such as raffinose, stachyose, phytic acid phytates, lectins and verbascose that are harmful irritants to humans yet well-tolerated and nourishing for ruminants.”
“Gen tersebut berpengaruh pada degradasi raffinose.”
“And too much fructose, as with sorbitol, lactose, and raffinose sugars, can cause upset stomach, gas, or diarrhea.”
“Many beans contain the complex sugars raffinose, stachyose and xylose which are not digestible by humans and many other animals.”
“Flatulence-causing oligosaccharides, such as stachyose and raffinose, are completely hydrolyzed.”
“Analysis has shown that the level of raffinose and stachyose (sugars that lead to flatulence) is less in winged bean than in soybean.”
“By 1928, he had evolved and confirmed, among others, the structures of maltose, cellobiose, lactose, gentiobiose, melibiose, gentianose, raffinose and the glucoside ring structure of normal sugars.”
“It has been frequently asked if the existing and accepted formula for determining in advance the amount of refined sugar that may be extracted from either beets, _masse cuite_ or raw sugar, is to be considered exact, without special allowance being made for raffinose.”
“A new method for the analysis of saccharose and raffinose, when in the presence of inverted sugar, is said to give accurate results.”
“When cells are grown in medium with raffinose as the sole carbon source, only the GFP fusion of protein is expressed; in medium with galactose as the sole carbon source, the GFP fusion of the protein is expressed and the plasmid-borne allele is overexpressed.”
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