from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Behind the medulla oblongata
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Being behind the eyeball; retroöcular.
During the first operation, my surgeon performed what he called a retrobulbar injection to anesthetize the eyeball and its muscles.
We conclude that thyrocytes and retrobulbar cell types from patients with Graves 'disease and ophthalmopathy participate in the self-perpetuation of inflammation, releasing
Results: In primary cultures of thyrocytes, retrobulbar fibroblasts, and retrobulbar preadipocytes obtained from GO patients, CXCL9 and CXCL11 production was absent under basal conditions; CXCL9 alone, whereas it was dose dependently stimulated treating cells with IFN and CXCL11 release.
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